Living in the European continent can be costly but if you are a student and want to pursue further education after your secondary education, it can be the best place to apply for. It provides you excellent career opportunities and courses at affordable prices. This can be done in a few simple steps mentioned below.
Curriculum vitae (CV, or resume)
Previous degree certificates or grade transcripts
Proof of English proficiency (usually IELTS or TOEFL)
Copy of your passport or national ID
Academic reference letters (sometimes)
Documentation for programme-specific requirements
You need to start with finding and choosing a study program that you desire to pursue. It won’t be a straightforward task, so you need to search for it at least 3-4 months. It will allow you months to research and decide about universities; further you can apply for a university or several.
When your decision is final, you need to apply for those universities and contact them.
You have to meet their qualification necessities that are recognized as Hochschulzugangsberechtigung (HZB), meaning ‘higher education entrance qualification.’ Foreign students with qualifications outside the EU zone may have to sit a university entrance examination (Feststellungsprufung), after attending a preparatory course (Studienkolleg).
While filling up the form, you also need to check the language requisites because most of the courses are taught in the German language. You need to submit proof of German proficiency language for which you have two main tests: the Deutsche Sprachprufung fur den Hochschulzugang (DSH, meaning “German language examination for university entrance”) and the TestDaF. In case your course is taught in English, you need to apply for IELTS or TOEFL.
Even if you have met the admission requirements, you won’t be able to get enrolled directly. Some of the courses usually have certain restrictions called Numerus Clauses (NC) through which selection process are restricted.
Fulfilling all the application requirements and submitting them online, you have to submit your university application. As per the university needs, you should submit the Recommendation Letter or Motivation Letter that helps the university to know you better and your expectation from the particular university. You might be asked to submit CV depending on the academic level of your course that will describe your skills and relative activities related to the study field. They may ask you for the copies of your valid passport.
Your submission can be done online or by post or in person. Most of the universities are part of the UniAssist platform which allows you to apply online for the chosen course. Still, some colleges run their personal application process.
When the submission is over, you have to wait for the admission letter. The university will send you an email if you are selected or not. As soon as they send you the confirmation, you should apply for health insurance. It is mandatory for international students, unable to fulfill this requirement your application can be dismissed. There are two types of health insurance, private and public. Its up to you which one you prefer.
Thereafter, you take a print out of your admission letter and go to the German embassy. Here, you have to apply for a visa. Officers working there will list you the details or you can check online about the requirements and producers. You have to apply for a student visa and transmit all the documents. Together with, you have to submit the proof of your finance that includes accommodation, returning ticket, university fee, transportation and so on.
Once you get the visa, you are set to enter Germany and carry on your study.
Your work is partially completed and when you reach Germany, you should re-register yourself and get the enrollment number from the university. For enrollment, you have to submit your passport copies, and passport photos, completed registration form, proof of your higher education entrance qualification, a notice of admission, language proficiency certificate, health insurance and payment receipt for the semester fee. You will receive a registration certificate which will be your provisional student ID allowing you to apply for a residence permit and register for classes.
EXAMS REQUIRED FOR ADMISSIONS
Students who want to pursue a higher degree from abroad have to go through a bit longer process. They have to appear for entrance exams that will decide if you are selected or not. There are various entrance exams for different courses and in different universities. Therefore, it is advisable to check the language requirements by the university and then apply for the test preferably. You should also keep in mind that appearing for these language tests will cost significant money, resources as well as your dedications for preparation. Make sure to choose it accordingly and start preparing on time so that it finishes before your deadlines. Some of the language tests are mentioned below-
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) which is widely accepted for English speaking students. It is paper-based as well as online available. It checks your proficiency on the basis of reading, writing, speaking and listening skills. Each of them has 30 points which add to a maximum score of 120 points. The certificate of TOEFL is valid for two years.
International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is also preferred by English-speaking countries where English is taught as a program, similar to TOEFL. It is also accepted as language proof for certain working permits as well as for immigration. The certificate is valid for two years. It will take 13 days to evaluate the test, and the results can be viewed online. The score lies between 0 and 9.
Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is accepted in graduate and business schools. It tests you in the fields of verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and analytical writing. It is mandatory to take the GRE for gaining entry into various higher education institutions, especially if your focus is engineering. Various universities accept the GRE scores as a prerequisite for admission. The score is valid for 5 years. The scores are reported on a scale of 130-170 for a Verbal Reasoning score and a Quantitative Reasoning and 0-6 for Analytical Writing score.
Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT) is preferred for business and management programs. The test consists of an analytical writing assessment, integrated reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and verbal reasoning. It is primarily an aptitude test of students. Its score is valid for 5 years. The score ranges from 200 to 800.
Test Deutsch als Fremdsprache (TestDaF) i.e. Test of German as a Foreign Language is the German equivalent to TOEFL and IELTS. It covers reading, writing, listening and speaking sections like other entrance examinations. This test is customarily for the students who wish to pursue a degree with a German medium of instruction. The certificate is valid indefinitely but some universities require recent language certificate. The grading levels 3,4 and 5 correspond to levels B2 and C1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for languages.
Deutsche Sprachprüfung für den Hochschulzugang (DSH) is a standardized test for German language proficiency. It provides a little different pattern than the TestDaF. The pattern consists of five sections instead of four that contains of listening, reading, and writing comprehensions, and use of science and study-related language and the last section is verbal examination. DSH can only be taken in Germany, unlike TestDaF it cannot be taken at numerous places in the world. The grading scale is between 1-3 with 3 being the possible grade.
European countries invest subsequent money in the education sector and thus offer several scholarships for students. They consider education to be accessible to everyone and like this, there are government-funded and non-government funded scholarships.
GOVERNMENT FUNDED SCHOLARSHIPS
NON-GOVERNMENTAL FUNDED SCHOLARSHIPS
Einstein International Postdoctoral Fellowship
Heinrich Boll Scholarships for International students
Humboldt Research Fellowships for Postdoctoral Researchers
Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS) Scholarship
Kurt Hansen Science Scholarships
Marie Curie International Incoming Fellowships (IIF) for Developing countries
The Helmholtz Association
There are some universities based scholarship.
DRD Scholarship for Sub-Saharan Africans
Frankfurt School of Finance and Management Doctoral Tuition Waivers
FRIAS Confund Fellowship Programme for International Researcher
Hamburg University of Applied Sciences Masters Scholarships
HHL International MSc Scholarship for Effective and Responsible Leadership
KAAD Scholarships for Developing Countries
Humboldt University International Research Fellowships
International Doctoral Positions at Graduate School of East and Southeast European Studies
Kofi Annan MBA Scholarships for developing country Students
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids